ISSN : 2093-5986(Print)
ISSN : 2288-0666(Online)
The Korean Society of Health Service Management
Vol.14 No.3 pp.207-215

국내 제약기업의 R&D투자와 기업특성요인 간 관계 : 비모수적 접근

Relationship Between Research and Development Investment and Firm-specific Factors of Korean Pharmaceutical Firms : A Nonparametric Approach

Abstract

Objectives: Using data on 86 Korean pharmaceutical firms over a 5-year period from 2013 to 2017, this study empirically analyzes the relationship between research and development (R&D) investment and firm-specific factors. Methods: Investment variables are R&D expenditure and intensity. Variables for firm-specific factors include firm size, firm age, firm location, technological innovation, and export orientation. Nonparametric statistical methods are used to test the difference in R&D investment and groups are then classified according to the level of firm-specific factors for inter- or between-group comparison. Results: First, R&D intensity was related to firm size, firm age, and technological innovation. Second, R&D expenditure was related to firm size and technological innovation and this relationship was statistically significant. Conclusions: The results are expected to provide policy implications for R&D investment decisions and strategic choices made by managers as well as policy makers.

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